🌐 HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)

  • Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the standard markup language used to create and structure content on the World Wide Web. HTML defines the structure and semantics of web pages by using a system of markup tags and elements to indicate the different parts of a document, such as headings, paragraphs, links, images, and other media.

  • HTML documents consist of a series of elements, each enclosed in opening and closing tags, which define the structure and content of the web page. HTML tags provide instructions to web browsers on how to display and render the content, including formatting, layout, and interactivity.

Key aspects of HTML include:

  • 🏗️ Structure and Semantics: HTML provides a standardized way to structure web documents and convey meaning through semantic elements. Semantic HTML elements, such as <header>, <nav>, <main>, <article>, <section>, and <footer>, describe the purpose and role of content within the document, making it accessible to assistive technologies and search engines.
  • 🔗 Hyperlinks: HTML allows for the creation of hyperlinks, or clickable links, that connect web pages and resources together. Hyperlinks are created using the <a> (anchor) element, with the href attribute specifying the URL of the destination. Hyperlinks enable users to navigate between pages, access external resources, and interact with content on the web.
  • 🖼️ Images and Media: HTML supports the embedding of images, audio, video, and other media types into web pages using elements such as <img>, <audio>, <video>, and <iframe>. These elements allow developers to include multimedia content within web pages, enhancing the visual appeal and interactivity of the content.
  • 🎨 Styling and Presentation: While HTML defines the structure and content of web pages, it does not dictate their appearance. Styling and presentation of HTML content are typically achieved using Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), which allow developers to define styles, colors, fonts, layouts, and other visual properties to customize the look and feel of web pages.
  • 📝 Accessibility and SEO: Properly structured HTML documents with semantic elements contribute to accessibility and search engine optimization (SEO) efforts. Semantic HTML elements improve the accessibility of web content for users with disabilities and help search engines understand the context and relevance of the content, leading to better indexing and ranking in search results.
See also  🔍 SEM (Search Engine Marketing)

HTML is the foundation of web development and is essential for creating accessible, well-structured, and standards-compliant web pages. By mastering HTML, web developers can create rich and interactive web experiences that are accessible to all users and optimized for search engines.

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